Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Externalities Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Externalities - Essay Example , suggestions will be created in regards to whether Profit Ltd should grasp upon changes because of thought of externalities or it should endeavor to oppose the change with the assistance of anteroom gatherings. The goal of this examination paper is to join far reaching comprehension of the idea of externalities and different issues according to guidelines towards externalities. Externalities happen when the makers or shoppers of products and ventures unexpectedly make aberrant effects upon different makers or purchasers of merchandise and enterprises (Zilberman, 1999). Externality is such a part of the economy that in spite of the fact that it doesn't delineate any fiscal impact upon the makers or customers of products and enterprises however bears an effect upon the society’s way of life. The greater part of the financial experts believe externalities to be a market disappointment. This is on the grounds that upon the event of externalities, the market costs don't speak to the real peripheral expenses or advantages combined with the merchandise and ventures managed in the market. The idea of externalities can be noticeably connected with the exercises identified with creation or utilization or both. Both creation just as utilization externalities happen when the particular exercises of creation and utilization of one individual exacts expenses and a dvantages towards the others that are not spread absolutely over the span of different market activities (Zilberman, 1999). Externalities can be either positive or negative. Positive externalities happen when the individuals’ activities create benefits for the others. The idea of positive externalities can be best comprehended through refering to the case of mechanical invade. The positive externalities in such manner happen when a development of a firm advantages the whole society because of the mechanical up degree alongside the firm. Then again, negative externalities happen when the activity of one individual produces destructive

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Elements of Romanticism in Stokers Dracula Essay -- essays research pa

During the Romantic Era, Bram Stoker made an ageless beast in his novel, Dracula. Stoker utilizes a progression of letters and diary sections to recount to the story structure a first individual perspective. The Count, for whom the book is named, is by all accounts strong to insignificant man. Stoker utilizes his character of Dracula to mirror the components of sentimentalism through his heavenly powers, an interest with youth and guiltlessness, and symbolism. Dracula appears to have unexplainable otherworldly powers. At the point when Jonathan Harker is making a trip to stronghold Dracula, he is ignorant that the driver of his mentor is simply the Count. During the nighttime venture, the mentor is hovered by wolves, not comprehending what to do Jonathan requires the coachman and consequently â€Å"heard his [Dracula’s] voice brought up in a tone of imperious order, and looking towards the sound saw him remain in the roadway. As he cleared his long arm, as if disregarding some intangible snag, the wolves fell back and back further still† (23). This unnatural control over the wolves is Stoker’s first method of demonstrating Dracula’s control over nature. Harker likewise depicts in his diary that one night â€Å"I saw the entire man gradually rise up out of the window and start to creep down the stronghold divider over that horrible void, face down with his shroud spreading out around him like incredible wingsâ⠂¬ ¦ I saw the fingers and toes handle the edges of the stones†¦ and disparity move downwards with significant speed, similarly as a reptile moves along a wall† (43). This tr...

Friday, August 21, 2020

Two short stories

Two short stories Ive never thought of myself as a sorority girl. In fact, Ive always been the first person to make fun of them. Between the claims of sisterhood and the chanting and singing and oh god, the chanting and singing, I was convinced that joining a sorority was not the way to go. Anyway, my life was already full of far more interesting things, like watching paint dry. Suffice it to say I was not expected to participate in sorority recruitment this year, which is precisely why I did so. Rather than continuing in the vein of bashing sororities indiscriminately, I wanted a valid basis for my sorority-bashing. Seriously though, I was basing my opinion of sororities on everything Id seen and heard of those in other schools. MIT sororities were apparently different. Even after a year here, I wasnt entirely convinced of that. I needed to see this for myself. Im of the opinion that the way to dispel stereotypes about MITs sororities is not to put unsuspecting girls through Formal Recruitment. Formal Recruitment, while giving people equal time to all five of MITs sororities, is sensory overload at its peak. (Youd say the same thing if you saw five instances of 100 identically dressed young women in a single day.) Sure, it works for tons of people; Im partial to the setup of frat rush, where you go where you want to go without four solid days of alphabetical order and time constraints. I did, however, realize that MITs sororities are full of amazing, driven girls, and I was glad to see that sorority stereotypes were for the most part nowhere to be found. And when I received a bid from Sigma Kappa, what had begun as a joke became an extremely difficult decision. I decided not to pledge this year, choosing to wait until next September before giving a definitive answer. So long as I never ever have to go through Formal again, that is. So heres an unwritten rule at MIT for you: sophomores start out taking at least 60 units. See, freshman year just isnt masochistic enough for us. We struggle, suffer, and complain for a full nine months, but its all for naught. The point of the first year at MIT is for us to get over ourselves. Whats that, you say? Someones doing better than I am? Toto, I dont think were in high school anymore! Everythings really hard here! Even if we poor, beaten-down no-longer-frosh come to this revelation the way were supposed to, registration for sophomore fall term begins and were all, Well, lookie here! No more credit limit! I MUST DO EVERYTHING! This is never a good idea. Sooner or later, well become aware of this. We, the overextended sophomores of MIT, will discover that the difference between four and five classes is far larger than we ever could have anticipated. Well drop a class or two and revert to the sane mans 48. I had the above epiphany after spending three hours reading my 5.07 textbook and still not coming close to understanding my problem set. I dropped the class after the first week. Now all thats left is for me to stop believing that my cursory knowledge of all of this terms material will get me As in everything else.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Hausser Food Products Company - 3498 Words

Hausser Food Products Company Brenda Cooper, the southeastern regional sales manager for the Hausser Food Products Company (HFP) expressed her concern to a researcher from a well-known eastern business school: I think during the past year I’ve begun to make some progress here, but the situation is a lot more difficult than I thought when I first arrived. Our current methods of selling products just are not adequate, and the people in the field don’t seem interested in coming up with new ideas or approaches to selling. BACKGROUND Hausser Food Products Company was a leading producer and marketer of baby foods in the United States. The company manufactured and marketed a whole line of foods for the baby market including strained meats,†¦show more content†¦Brenda Cooper, the southeast regional sales manager, was fairly typical of the kind of person who was placed in that position. Brenda entered an MBA program immediately following graduation from one of the best women’s colleges in the country. Majoring in marketing, she did extremely well in business school and graduated near the top of her class. Upon graduation she received many job offers and took a position as an assistant product manager in a large nonfood consumer products company. During four years at that firm she performed extremely well both in the management of existing products and in the launching of new products. By the end of her fourth year, however, she was becoming restless, and seeing no opportunities for quick advancement, decided to accept an offer to become a regional sales manager at HFP. The salary was attractive, plus she would receive a potentially large bonus based on the profit performance of the entire company. Brenda was also attracted by the possibility of advancement within the company. She had heard that many of the senior staff had started as regional managers. At the end of her first year Brenda was still very concerned about doing well in her job; in particular she was adjusting to her role as manager with six district managers reporting to her. THE SALES PLAN Much of the activity of the regional managers centered around the yearly sales plan. The sales plan was essentially a budget that includes projections ofShow MoreRelatedCase Study: Hausser Food Products Company1655 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction: Hausser Food Products Company has been successful in the business of selling baby food since the 1980s, and has had extreme sales growth through the 1990s. Unfortunately, due to some outside factors like decrease in birth rates, organic and dye free standards, and private name brand competition, growth rate recently dropped by three percent. The marketing and sales team are taking responsibility for reshaping the produce line and making more sales to turn this trend aroundRead MoreHausser Food Case924 Words   |  4 PagesHausser Food Products Company is well known for its production of infant food. It controled approximately 60 percent of the market and continued to increases sales every year until the baby bust in 1980. This was the first time that Hausser started to see a decrease in sales. The marketing department has focused its efforts to increase sales. Currently, they have divided the country into seven geographical regions, each with a sales manager who rep orts back to the district level. The first stepRead MoreHausser Food1527 Words   |  7 PagesAssignment Hausser Food Product 1. Using whatever concepts, frameworks, or ideas you think are applicable, explain why the Florida sales team is withholding information about a new market opportunity from regional and corporate sales management? a. Expectancy theory of motivation Hausser Food. Employees and organization both of them have expectation and needs. Organization have expectation to their employees through target. Employees have expectation to the organization or company through theirRead MoreHausser Food1698 Words   |  7 Pages[1] Hausser Foods is clearly experiencing a decline in sales growth due mostly to competition and a decline in population growth. The case focuses mostly on the southeast sales region; however the decline in sales growth is affecting the entire company. The lack of new ideas by the sales force is primarily due to a lack of reflective and adequate encouragement from HDQ as well as a fear or concern that such new ideas for sales revenue might actually burden the sales force in the following yearRead MoreHausser Food Company1249 Words   |  5 PagesCASE: HAUSSER FOOD PRODUCTS (HFP) COMPANY: ââ€"  Brenda Cooper → South-eastern Regional Sales Manager (Jefa de ventas de la Regià ³n Sudeste) for the HFP. ââ€"  Her concern: their current methods of selling products are not adequate. 1) Background: (Antecedentes): ââ€"  HFP: was a leading producer and marketer of infant foods in the U.S. (era un destacado productor y vendedor de comida infantil en Estados Unidos). It maintained a market share of aprox. 60%. ââ€"  Its products line included: strained (triturada/machacada)Read MoreAnalysis of Mattel’s Supply Chain Management6531 Words   |  27 Pagesposition through her many mergers and acquisitions. Second, Mattel outsourced all operations. Third, after the 2007 recall, Mattel moved all toy-prototype creations in-house to project their intellectual property and ensure safety before moving product overseas. Mattel also implemented checks and balances with their Chinese suppliers. Finally, Mattel continues to innovate with consumer trends as they have slowly expanded into digital and online as an extension of their physical toys. In the shortRead MoreShort Cases19708 Words   |  79 Pages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3. THE ARDEN COMPANY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4. UNIPRO INC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5. HAUSSER FOOD PRODUCTS COMPANY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6. MANAGING MARKETINGRead MoreFrench Terms for Ib Sl French B8316 Words   |  34 Pages2 3 5 12 12 21 28 28 31 36 36 37 40 40 42 48 48 51 Topic Area 1 Home and local area Life in the home; friends and relationships Local area, facilities and getting around Topic Area 2 Health and sport Sport, outdoor pursuits and healthy lifestyle Food and drink as aspects of culture and health Topic Area 3 Leisure and entertainment (includes online) Socialising, special occasions and festivals TV, films and music Topic Area 4 Travel and the wider world Holidays and exchanges Environmental, cultural

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald - 1302 Words

The road to success is not easy to navigate, but with hard work, drive and passion, it is possible to achieve the American Dream. In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby had a second opportunity in changing his life. Growing up, Gatsby was different from everyone else. He had a big dream and knew what would be the best for himself. He believed that wealth, material possessions, and power are the core principles of the American Dream. The pursuit of a better life led countless numbers of foreign immigrants to America desiring their chance at the vast opportunity. Fitzgerald uses setting, characterization and symbols to develop the theme that the â€Å"American Dream† is the search for happiness, individuality, and monetary†¦show more content†¦When they meet again, both feel embarrassed. The lack of conversation resulted in only staring at each other in Nick’s living room. As time passed by, â€Å"About half an hour, the sun shone aga in. When he [Gatsby] realized what I [Nick] was talking about, that there were twinkle bells of sunshine in the room, he smiled like a weatherman, like an ecstatic patron of recurrent light† (88-89). When the tension between them eases, the sun rose and the weather livened. The weather indicates what’ll happen between them in the living room. The weather transitions from rainy to sunny shows that they are getting along, making conversation and catching up from the old times they miss. Fitzgerald uses similes on the weather outside of Nick’s home to show the transition of the situation going on in his house. Lastly, as their mood of the conversation lightens up, the weather changes and the setting of the story lightens to reflect the happiness in Gatsby’s character. Each character in The Great Gatsby has a different personality and background. Through Gatsby’s characterization, his individuality is showing how he is different from the others. Gatsby was a young man that wanted to change his life. He built up his life around the abstract person he saw himself as. He created a fantasy world where he is rich and powerful. He was raised in a lower class family where his parents weren’t successful and he didn’t accept them as parents. He couldn’t accept who he was so he decides to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Comparing Mary Shelleyés Frankenstein with The Tale of...

When comparing Mary Shelley’s gothic novel, â€Å"Frankenstein† to the 2008 movie, â€Å"The Tale of Despereaux† a common theme that runs through the novel is the character archetype of innocence to evil. In â€Å"The Tale of Despereaux,† one of the major characters in the story is Chiaroscuro, or Roscuro. Roscuro is a rat who is misunderstood by people who have not yet met him. He travels with a human companion by boat and docks in the kingdom of Dor during the annual Royal Soup Day. Roscuro, enchanted by the soup’s aroma, travels up the chandelier in the royal dining hall and ends up falling into the Queen’s soup, giving her such a fright she has a heart attack and dies. Roscuro, feeling guilty over the death of the Queen, goes to see the Princess Pea†¦show more content†¦Even when the creature tries to help someone in need, he is still seen through the eyes of the world as a monster. Roscuro tries to apologize to Princess Pea but she immediately shrieks in fear and chases him away. This is the moment when Roscuro understands he cannot get anyone’s approval, no matter how genuine and kindhearted he tries to seem, and vows revenge on the princess. Both Roscuro and the creature are very lonely and wish to have someone who can understand the way the feel. The creature, at first, convinces Victor Frankenstein to make a female companion for him. And â€Å"even as (Roscuro) changed†¦he had longing. But now he just longed for someone whose heart was as hardened as his was.† (The Tale of Despereaux) Miggery Sow, the Princess Pea’s personal servant, was treated very poorly before she became the Princess’s servant. She wants nothing more than to be a Princess and live in a castle. Roscuro understands how Mig feels and convinces her to kidnap the Princess and lead her into the dungeon of her own castle. While there are some major similarities between â€Å"Frankenstein† and â€Å"The Tale of Despereaux,† there are quite a few differences within their context as well. In â€Å"The Tale of Despereaux,† a common theme that runs through the movie is forgiveness. The Princess Pea and Roscuro both forgive each other and, of course, everyone lived happily ever after, as all fairy tales do.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Life of an African

The Life of an African-American Youth in Baltimore in Between the World and Me, a Book by Ta-Nehisi Coates Essay Ta-Nehisi Coates’ Between the World and Me (2015) is an autobiographical account of his life as an African-American youth growing up in Baltimore. In the wake of the deaths of Trayvon Martin, Tamir Rice, and other black youths, Coates wrote this book in the form of a letter to his teenage son Samori, offering him advice and insight into how he must be â€Å"twice as good† in a country where he has little control over what happens to his body (101). Coates also speaks of the advice his own parents gave him. One especially impactful learning moment for Coates was his mother making him interrogate his own actions (Coates, 30). In this paper, I will be showing how this lesson Coates learned from his mother could be useful to every scholar in improving their understanding of humanity and history, as it did for Coates. The US school system teaches a lot of things that students later find out were sugarcoated or complete lies and oftentimes students never have the opportunity to investigate those subjects and events. One of the subjects that is often taught inaccurately or very generally to the point of disrespect is slavery, especially slave resistance. I will apply the lesson from Coates’ mother to my own education of slave resistance in order to provide evidence for how this process would impact the learning of students and how the act of interrogating what they learn can be beneficial. We will write a custom essay on The Life of an African-American Youth in Baltimore in Between the World and Me, a Book by Ta-Nehisi Coates specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now In the first chapter of Between the World and Me, Coates describes the trouble he got into during his elementary school years, for offenses such as talking while his teacher taught or playing with his friends during a lesson. As a consequence of these actions his mother made him write about them and answer questions such as, â€Å"Why did I not believe that my teacher was entitled to respect?† (Coates, 29). The act of writing and exploring the reasons behind his actions did not change Coates’ behavior, but he calls them â€Å"the earliest acts of†¦drawing myself into consciousness.† (Coates, 30) His mother taught him a lesson that stayed with him throughout his academic career and led to his profession in journalism, the lesson that, â€Å" was not an innocent. impulses were not filled with unfailing virtue. And feeling that was as human as anyone, this must be true for other humans. If was not innocent, then they were not innocent.† (Coates, 30). Realizing that no one was filled with â€Å"unfailing virtue,† Coates began to question the of the world around him, starting with what he was taught in school. He came to the conclusion that the â€Å"mix of motivation,† that he and everyone else must have felt, must affect the way their stories are told. Claims of who was a winner, and who a loser should be doubted; claims of who was in power, and who was subordinate should be interrogated. Coates states that â€Å"the questions began burning in ,† leading to a life-long search for answers (Coates, 30). As an African-American female, I believe that it was inevitable that I reached the same conclusion as Coates sometime in my academic career. As a sophomore in college, I am still finding out that things I learned in school were not completely true and that history is more than a dichotomy of heroes and villains. During my first year of college I took a course in African-American history in which I read Raymond and Alice Bauer’s, â€Å"Day to Day Slave Resistance,†Ã¢â‚¬â€an article in The Journal of Negro History—which touched on the topic of direct and indirect forms of slave resistance. This was an incredibly eye-opening read for me, as my previous knowledge of slave resistance during the 18th and 19th century was limited to a few radicals and generalizations of slaves running away in the middle of the night with the help of white abolitionists. College presented me with information I hadn’t even known to seek because my primary schooling placated me wi th a couple of stand out historical figures and ignored those who seemingly remained powerless. Coates is correct is saying that, â€Å"The Dream†Ã¢â‚¬â€an unconsciousness of the flaws of humanity that many Americans are bound to—†thrives on generalization, on limiting the number of possible questions.† (Coates, 50). In a South Carolina, elementary school lesson plan the practice of slavery is defined as a â€Å"peculiar institution† that grew in response to ‘the industrialization of the North and the expansion of demand for cotton in the south† leading to the economy growing â€Å"increasingly reliant on cheap labor.† (TAHSC). The source immediately attempts to introduce a silver-lining by stating that in spite of centuries of enslavement â€Å"cultures grow and thrive in all conditions.† This source also claims that, â€Å"Though the stories about cruel overseers were certainly true in some cases†¦when slaves complained that they were being unfairly treated, slaveholders would often be very protective†¦and release the overseer.† (TAHSC). By sugarcoating all of the cruelest aspects of slavery, educators are able to limit possible questions and objections by teaching students that slavery was not all bad. This makes it easier for supporters of The Dream to look away and â€Å"ignore the great evil done in all our names.† (Coates, 9). .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d , .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .postImageUrl , .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d , .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:hover , .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:visited , .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:active { border:0!important; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:active , .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0b492bc83c3b4832f1e762445086899d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Obesity Essay Summary When the topic of slave resistance comes up, educators give students a few exemplary figures, like Harriet Tubman who â€Å"helped over 300 slaves reach freedom using the underground railroad,† without dignifying those who had to be left behind or died on the journey, or Nat Turner who â€Å"organized 70 slaves who went from plantation to plantation and murdered about 75 men, women, and children.† without a single mention of the two-hundred black people killed by white militias and mobs in retaliation (TAHSC). While these figures are significant to slave resistance in the South, it undermines the sacrifices made by slaves who used less e xtreme measures of counterattack, but still made a large impact on productivity. When emphasis is placed on the outliers, it is easy to forget that the rest of the slaves weren’t content. An essay on the problem of race in America states that slaves were, â€Å"Readily obedient†¦more than most other social groups they patiently tolerant under abuse and oppression and little inclined to struggle against difficulties.† (Reuters, 7). Accounts such as this were used to justify the enslavement of blacks by convincing people that the â€Å"Negro disposition† was amenable to the condition of slavery. (Reuters, 7). If educators continue to make light of the reaction a large majority of blacks had to slavery, how will students grasp the reality of how detrimental the practice was and take action to reverse and prevent the past decisions of our country? The investigation done by the Bauers shows that slaves developed effective forms of indirect retaliation to their enslavement. Slaves were keenly aware of their economic value and one form of this indirect resistance is slaves consciously saving their energy, and working as slow as they could without being punished for it. Reluctant labor was so widespread among plantations that it was classified as a disease called â€Å"Dysesthesia Aethiopica† which only affected blacks. Signs of this disorder included, â€Å"careless movements†¦insensibility of the nerves†¦cutting up corn, cotton, and tobacco when hoeing it†¦killing stock†¦destroying tools,† and other forms of seemingly intentional mischief that they could not control. (Bauer and Bauer, 394). Proof of the slowing of labor to reduce productivity is evidenced in the amount of output obtained depending on whether or not slaves were forced to work all day, or given a specific task to finish and given free time for the rest of the day. When given free time after completion of a specific tasks, it was observed that some laborers would leave the field after three or four hours. It could take up to four times as long for slaves to produce the same output if they had no promise of free time. (Bauer, 400). Another well-documented phenomenon throughout slave states was malingering. Slaves would feign illness to avoid work and analysis of records of sickness of multiple plantations showed that the highest rate of sickness occurred during the times of the year when the most work needed to be done. Some would even fake a disability to avoid being bought by undesirable masters or to lower their value and get revenge on their former master. (Bauer, 406). Other demonstrations included resisting punishment. An example given by Bauer is of a slave too brawny for the overseer to whip, so the overseer orders three equally as large slaves to punish him. However, the overseer is also unable to prevail over the additional three, and has to give up on attempting to punish anyone. (Bauer, 396). Resistance to punishment also occurred when the driver—a slave whose task was to make other slaves work—doled out punishment. In a numerous amount of cases, it was noted that the driver â€Å"took pains not to treat his fellows with ay more than the absolute minimum of violence.† (Bauer, 396) Years of experience allowed drivers to gain a high level of precision and control with whips and some could â€Å"throw the lash within a hair’s breadth of the back†¦without touching.† The slave receiving the punishment would then squirm and scream, though their skin had not even been grazed. (Bauer, 398). Like Coates is coac hing his son to do, slaves with next to no control over their bodies, found ways to achieve some agency and free will. In the case of children, slave mothers would pretend to be ignorant of how to raise a child, despite often being responsible for white children. This would result in the mistresses of plantation owners having to take care of sick slave children and making sure they were provided with the proper nutrients (Bauer, 415). Plantation owners off of the coast of South Carolina went as far as paying slave mothers if their children survived the first year of life (Bauer, 416). Additional patterns of resistance studied by the Bauers included feigning pregnancy, self-injury, suicide, and killing infants born into slavery (Bauer, 418). This evidence goes against the concept of slaves as content and cheerful laborers, but instead shows that they were frequently rebellious and clever. Yet students are not exposed to these forms of resistance and are raised in false memory. .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 , .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .postImageUrl , .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 , .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:hover , .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:visited , .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:active { border:0!important; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:active , .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0 .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u44cee9e7928f86e692748f9339d153e0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Affirmative Action Essay FreeSomething Coates explores in Between the World and Me is why young scholars are taught in this way. As early as seventh grade he, â€Å"sensed that the schools were hiding something†¦so that we would not see, so that we did not ask.† (Coates, 26). Just as Coates was able to compare the heroes he read about in his father’s Black Panthers books to the heroes given to him by the schools–as he found the latter â€Å"ridiculous and contrary to everything knew–† scholars today should be directed to resources that will allow them to compare and contrast heroes provided by the curriculum to those who are lesser known because they don’t exemplify American values. It was policy makers and school board members who decided that Frederick Douglass–who escaped from slavery when he was 21 and was a talented orator–was a better role model than Margaret Garner—a female slave that killed three of her children, and attempted to drown the fourth when they were caught on the run, in a last stitch effort to spare them from forced labor—who served as an example of the psychological trauma caused by slavery. Professor of African-American history, Susan O’Donovan, describes the history of slavery as â€Å"a story of profound oppression that is simultaneously a story of creativity, resilience, and above all, survival.† (O’Donovan, 7). She wonders why educators don’t teach about the stories of slaves as relatable beings, who â€Å"laughed, wept, and wondered† just like students do. (O’Donovan, 8). I believe that Coates would agree w ith O’Donovan who believes that by approaching slavery as a problem faced by ordinary human beings–not just â€Å"an indefinable mass of flesh† as he writes–students would be taught how to â€Å"think and read critically, how to tease out meaning, identify assumptions, weigh evidence, and arrive at their own conclusions.† (O’Donovan, 10). As a society, we place more value on the â€Å"privilege of immediate answers† and the â€Å"search for certainty† than we place on â€Å"questioning as exploration.† (Coates, 34). What are the benefits, if any, of this manner of educating the children? Nancy Ogden, a high school history teacher, states that slavery is such a difficult topic to teach because of the issues of racism and injustice it raises, which many teachers want to shelter students from. (Ogden, Perkins, and Donahue, 429) When looking at reasons cited for treating children as if they are not capable of taking in the reality of our country’s history, one must then ask who is being protected? Is it the African-American children who are being denied knowledge of crucial parts of their own ethnic history? Is it the white children who are given the option to remain ignorant to the extent of how much American and European markets benefitted from human bondage, and the impact whites’ att itude towards blacks during the antebellum era has on racial and socioeconomic disparities of the 21st century? Even as an African-American student who was raised in the deep south, I never felt as though I could relate to blacks enslaved what seemed like centuries ago, when in actuality, â€Å"we were enslaved in this country longer than we have been free.† (Coates, 70). When teaching her students, Ogden places value on making connections from the past to the present explicit, in order to â€Å"help students make empathetic historical judgements.† She states that â€Å"too often, students imagine persons in history living lives that have little to do with their own.† (Ogden, 480). The lack of connection is what leads to students not looking past the generalizations we are taught about events such as slavery from a young age. I believe that Coates would find Ogden’s lessons vital to black students, such as his son who he encouraged to not forget how black bodies were â€Å"transfigured†¦into sugar, tobacco, cotton, and gold.† (Coates, 71). The purpose of the mother from Coates’ mother was not to provide him with a correct or final answer, but to teach him to investigate his actions and motivations, as well as the motivations of everyone else. Though he didn’t find any satisfactory answers, â€Å"the question refined† every time he asked it (Coates, 34). The purpose of schooling should not be for students to come to some profound conclusion, or to have a clear idea of who the historical good guys and bad guys are, but to be able to interrogate and criticize the actions of those who changed history. Students are inquisitive, and there is information out there, all that is needed is the push into the realm of curiosity, which Coates’ mother provided for him and he is providing for his son.